A/UX 2K14 Notes

Since AUX Penelope has been shut down, I’m going to jot down some details about where you can get A/UX software and commands you need to get going with your shiny old A/UX system.


  • At this point you want a full 68040 Mac like the Quadra 650, 700, 800, or 9xx, they can still be had on eBay relatively easily.  If you want to use a luggable you’re stuck with an SE/30 which is B&W.  Get yourself a decent amount of RAM and a supported CD-ROM.
  • KB/Mouse: Any ADB KB & mouse you can find should work like a champ.  Im toying with picking up the GeeThree PS/2->ADB adapter so I can eliminate the old physical mouse as my KVM does support PS/2.
  • Video: Unless you want to have a dedicated monitor for it, grab a DB15 to HD15 (AKA VGA) adapter from eBay as well.


  • Boot from the boot floppy (yes, remember those?) and put the CD you burned in the drive.  TODO: document writing the floppy image.  For now, Google It!
  • Configure the network:
    • Run newconfig
    • Add default route cmd to /etc/rc:  “/usr/etc/route add default 1”
    • Add nameserver to /etc/resolv.conf:  “nameserver”
    • Enable the telnetd server, by changing the inetd line in /etc/inittab to: “net9:2:respawn:/etc/inetd               # set to “respawn” for networking”
  • Get the pre-compiled /usr/local installation from  ftp://ftp.asty.org/pub/mirrors/aux/robbraun/ using the default A/UX ftp program (make your life easier with “prompt off”, “mget *”).  Put it somewhere out of the way, like /root.
  • Extract the tarball, first getting gzip, tar and bzip2 setup

cd /
 tar xvf /root/gzip-1.2.4a.tar
/usr/local/gzip-1.2.4a/bin/gzip -dc /root/bzip2-1.0.6.tar.gz | tar xvf –
gzip -dc /root/tar-1.12.tar.gz | /usr/bin/tar xvf –
/usr/local/bzip2-1.0.6/bin/bzip2 -dc /root/aux-usr.local-10172010.
tar.bz2 | /usr/local/tar-1.12/bin/tar xvf –

  • Disable auto-login: rm /mac/sys/Login\ System\ Folder/Preferences/Autologin
  • Enable color (glorious color!) if possible in Control Panels > Monitors
  • Sharing files to your system over AppleTalk (won’t work over IP!) using netatalk:
    • Debian/Ubuntu: set “ATALKD_RUN=yes” in /etc/default/netatalk.
    • Uncomment the default info on the last line of /etc/netatalk/afpd.conf.  Make sure to remove “-noddp” and use either “-ddp” or “-transall” to use both DDP and IP. You also have to add “uams_clrtxt.so” to the -uamlist arguments to even be able to login from A/UX, and if you want Guest login you also need to add “uams_guest.so”.  Then restart: /net/init.d/netatalk restart and be prepared to wait.
  • Configure SSH
  • Get some fun apps and control panels


MVNOs Part 2: For you Sprint and Verizon users

In my original article I let you know what options there are for those of you who wanted to switch to discounted phone provider (also known as an MVNO) in the US to save some moolah, but I focused mainly on carriers who operated on the AT&T and T-mobile GSM networks.  Since then I’ve gotten some good experiences with two other MVNOs and wanted to share my findings; one for all those of you who think you HAVE to be on Verizon’s network (and if you live outside a major Metro area you’re probably right). And another which seems to be redefining low-cost quality cell service and combining cellular and wifi calling working on your cell phone amazingly well.  So let’s jump right in for your Verizon folks with PagePlus.



PagePlus runs on the exact same network as Verizon, but offers very discounted service compared to Big Red.  This reduction in cost comes with some minor trade-offs, and there are 2 caveats to using their service I should mention.  First is their phone support, which is definitely not as good as Verizon’s, thought admittedly I’ve not used VZW since 2007.  But the phone support does get the job done, and as long as you don’t like to call up your carrier every month just to say hi, you should be fine.

The other caveat is that currently, as far as I’m aware, you can’t use 4G on PagePlus.  To be clear, you can use whatever (Verizon-compatible) phone you want on their service, it just won’t get LTE speeds when you web browse or buy apps, etc, and every phone will just revert to 3G and go merrily on its way.  If you use your phone casually and aren’t constantly watching high quality YouTube videos on your phone, this limitation should not end up troubling you in any significant way. 3G speeds on Verizon are quite respectable, and if you’re living in the boonies with a whopping 2 bars on Verizon then you are just wasting your money thinking that you’re really getting anywhere near 4G speeds anyway, just because your phone has the word LTE slapped on it.

Case in point: my father, who was spending more than $90 a month for Verizon’s cheapest individual smartphone plan.  On PagePlus he now pays $30 a month for a very generous 1200 minutes, 3000 texts and 500MB of data.  If you really need unlimited talk and text, you can get it but that’s $10 more a month; unfortunately there’s no unlimited data option.  Anyway, this adds up to savings of more than $700 a year from what he was paying before.  That’s easily going to save the cost of buying a brand new phone every year should the mood strike, and leads me to the last thing I should mention: to use PagePlus you have to own the phone you’re activating with them, be it an iPhone or Android or whatever.  If you just signed your life away to Verizon for another two years because you wanted the newest Samsung or HTC smartphone, now is probably not the time to switch.  Once your contract is up, take that bad boy to PagePlus, port your number (yes you can keep your phone# when you switch) and tell Verizon to kiss off.



Now onto Republic Wireless.  I really haven’t been this excited about cell phones since the first iPhone and Android devices were the rage in 2007-8.  These guys have been hard at tying the cellular and wifi phone networks together to save money all around, and unlike other companies they DO pass that savings onto you.  By making wifi calling an integral part of the service, Republic is able to charge ridiculously low costs for phone service.

Now to be fair T-mobile also has wifi calling, but unlike T-mobile’s version, Republic’s works amazingly well, and you can go from talking on the (Sprint) cell network to wifi and back to cell, and your phone call just keeps going with little more than a brief pause during the switch. I cannot state how awesome the wifi calling feature is, but this is admittedly not for everyone.  Generally it seems like people want the fastest internet speeds possible, so if you have a pricey FiOS or cable modem that you are keeping around anyway, why not send your calls and texts over that line when you’re home?  If you have dialup or are reading this at the public library or something, then Republic probably not the best choice for you.

Republic rewards you handsomely for trying out their high-tech phone network by making their service the cheapest you’re going to get for unlimited service.  Their unlimited calling, text and unlimited 3G data plan is a staggering $25 a month (okay plus tax, big deal).  The 4G version for you speed demons out there who haaaaaaaave to have LTE speed costs just $40 a month, again, for unlimited everything.  If you recall from my other article, that’s better than Simple Mobile’s deal (which is only 4G for the first 1GB of data), and republic is on Sprint’s network which I find has much, much better coverage here in Massachusetts than the Tmo network Simple Mobile uses. I’ve heard in some areas Republic can roam on Verizon, which seems promising but I’ve not seen evidence in the areas of MA and NY where my family and I live.  Lastly, I should point out the $10 unlimited calling and text option (sans data), which really is just unthinkably cheap, and sounds good for those with text-happy kids at home but dont want them chewing up your data allotment.

So aside from the fact that you should probably have decent internet service at home, there are two other things to consider with Republic:  First, they do not offer phone support. At all.  It’s web-based support only baby, and I assure you this doesn’t thrill me either, waiting days for a response to your request when you hit a problem on Christmas day as I recently did.  But when they are open and responding, the web-based service has been very good, and for most problems you can get support from the Republic community forum, where their staff also hang out.

Caveat number 2 is a biggie and may also be a deal breaker, in this case if you are a brand fanatic. You can’t just grab any Sprint-compatible Samsung or HTC phone and throw it on Republic, and if you want an iPhone you’re out of luck.  Like Virgin Mobile and some MVNOs, you have to buy a phone from Republic themselves.  This is needed because of way Republic has implemented its wifi calling integration with Android, and is definitely a shame.

On top of that, they sell only one halfway decent phone, which fortunately happens to be the outstanding Moto X.  Disclaimer: I work for Google, which owns Motorola, but if you know me at all, you know I’m extremely picky about phones and am constantly trying out new ones, in the past year including the (Virgin Mobile) Galaxy S II, the (MetroPCS) Galaxy S III, the (T-mobile) HTC one, various unlocked phones like the Galaxy Grand and Nexus 4, and many more. All that said, I really think the Moto X is the best all-around phone you can get regardless of carrier.  Here’s an article about the unique features of the phone, many of which will eventually get pushed into all Android devices most likely, but for now the short answer is it’s an amazing phone on what could be a revolutionary carrier. The upside is that Republic is only charging $300 for the phone, which for a great phone without a contract is a pretty amazing deal.

At the end of the day I think it’s crazy not to grab the Moto X for $300 and try out the $10 month unlimited calling and texting plan, as it’s just too cheap to not potentially get some serious savings, assuming you either have decent wifi coverage in your house or Sprint cellular coverage in your area.

Again, I’m not getting any compensation from Republic or Motorola for this article, nor from anyone else for that matter, I just work for Google and love trying out phones, I like seeing people save money, and I think Republic is actually doing something amazing and I want them to do more of it.  I wish Google would buy Republic but am unclear what conflicts of interest that would create with their relationship with the big 4 carriers.  But honestly I hate the big 4 carriers so it might be for the best 🙂

Share and Enjoy!

Copyright Info: Images used are not mine and I make no claim of ownership on them. The text of this article is license-able under Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike (CC BY-SA).


Contract-Free Unlimited Android for $50. Time to move to an MVNO!

Update 2013.02.21 – I recently ported back to Straight Talk and have found that I can no longer seem to successfully make the forwarding call required to use GVoice for my voicemail.  Lame!  One less reason to pick them I guess.  The carrier table should be updated accordingly.  For those interested, I also signed up the the Republic Wireless $19/mo unlimited program today, and I’ll put up an article about this service once I’ve had the chance to kick the tires.

I recently read JR Raphael’s excellent article Android off-contract: My prepaid journey, 3 months later and thought to myself “self, we definitely need more prepaid customers.  But the described setup only gets you 100 minutes a month!”  Normal humans aren’t going to want to jump through hoops to work around 100 minute allotment limitations with the Tmo plan.  T-mobile also has a $50 unlimited voice, text & data plan (their Monthly 4G Plan) which is great, and gets you 4G speed for the first 100 MB of data.  But if you want more 4G than that, or if Tmobile doesn’t work at your house, you can do better with an MVNO.

An MVNO basically piggybacks on a major operator’s network and resells service to people like you and me.  Why would you want to use what is effectively a middleman?  Because you generally get a better deal for your money, often MUCH better than over a traditional carrier DESPITE the fact that a contract should induce lower costs for the consumer!

What you give up by using an MNVO?  For one thing, direct support from the carrier – all MVNOs offer their own phone support  If you are someone who is always calling your phone carrier to say hi, maybe this isn’t for you.  Second, in some cases reception isn’t as good if you live in the sticks, as MVNO’s don’t always support all wireless bands or roaming options in order to save money.  If you live and generally spend time near a major city though, you should be more than fine.  Third, you actually have to pay for your phone, but once you do you OWN it.  Imagine renting a land line phone like you did in the 50s.  Why are you renting-to-own a cell phone in 2012?  Is this worth the tradeoffs?  Your wallet will have to decide, but I’ve been extremely happy with all the MVNOs Ive used and really only had to switch due to coverage on the parent carrier’s network.

I’ve used 3 different MVNO’s in the last year: Straight Talk’s SIM offering, Simple Mobile, and Virgin Mobile. Straight Talk SIM and Simple Mobile are SIM-based operators, which means you can remove the SIM from the phone and move it to another (unlocked) one whenever you like.  Virgin Mobile sells branded phones and requires you use them with their service (like their parent company Sprint).  Each company has its own pluses and minuses; read on to see what I thought of each!


Straight Talk SIM

I used Straight Talk earlier this summer.  They normally sell phones locked into their service (you’ve probably seen them at Walmart, which also owns the company).  However you can now buy a ($15) SIM card from their web site and use it in your own (unlocked) device!  As far as I know Straight Talk is the only reasonable MNVO offering nationwide unlimited calling in AT&T’s network. You can also elect to use T-mobile’s network if you have better reception with them, but honestly if you’re going to use a Tmo-based MVNO you may as well use Simple Mobile and get unlimited 4G.  Straight Talk SIM on AT&T has the distinction of being the only MVNO option I tried where you can use Google Voice for your voicemail, which may be the biggest thing in their favor.  One irritating thing you’ll find is that even though the mobile data is unlimited, you’ll still get nastygram text messages after your go over 2GB of data per month.  I have never been shut off and have used a lot more than 2GB but YMMV (your mileage may vary) and you must decide how much you are willing to put up with that sort of irritation.


Simple Mobile

Simple Mobile is a Tmobile-based MVNO with an interesting hook: UNLIMITED 4G data (plus unlimited voice and texts) for $50/month!.  To be clear the 4G they are referring to is T-mobile’s HSPA+ which is technically 4G but slower than other 4G technologies, but unless you’re streaming full-quality music from your Google Music player (and know how to enable that since it’s not the default), HSPA+ is probably more than enough for your needs.  Simple Mobile definitely had the fastest data services of the three services I’ve tried as Massachusetts has good HSPA+ coverage.

Now the downsides.  First, if you’re porting your number, you’ll have to call and talk to a human being rather than being able to do this from the web-site.  This personally drives me nuts but some people dont mind human interaction occasionally 🙂 As with Straight Talk, if you want to try the services out and later decide to port your number, you’ll have to buy a brand new SIM and restart service on that SIM to do so, which is irritating.  Also as noted in the previous section, there is no Google Voice voicemail love here, but at least when I was enrolled there were no irritating bandwidth warning texts.  Another formerly-negative is that their website only used to support Firefox and IE (no Chrome, seriously?!) but that appears to have been remedied very recently.


Virgin Mobile

I’ve always liked Virgin Mobile.  a Sprint-based MVNO, their advertising is young, urban and very stylish.  Unfortunately their phones were historically complete and utter junk running some archaic operating system from 1990.  Fortunately nowadays they sell full Android phones, which is important because their network is CDMA based – no promiscuous SIM-card swapping at will, and they only allow Virgin branded phones on their network.  They have some nice high end phones (including the Samsung Reverb, $250) and a pretty decent middle-of-the-road model in the HTC One V which I really have grown to love.  The best part about the One V is that you buy for $150 at WalMart (or $160 at their website), and for the features you get (Android 4.0, slim profile, a very nice 3.7″ screen, all the usual Google goodies minus Voice) makes it a pretty compelling phone.  But if you wanted, you can even buy a Virgin-branded iPhone (at a shocking $550 for the iPhone 4 8GB)!

How do I decide who to pick?

A lot of how you decide will probably come down to what carrier works best at the places you go.  In one place I’ve lived there was no T-mobile or Verizon service at all indoors, which means only AT&T and Sprint-based carriers were available.  The nice thing is with no contracts, if you decide to move, you can switch to whatever MVNO works best at your new place.

I tried to summarize as well as I could in this table:

[table caption=”MVNO Comparison”]
Name[attr style=”width:20px”],Network,Cost,Bring Your Own Phone?,Unlimited Talk/Text/Data?,Web-Based # Porting?,Google Voice for voicemail?,4G data?
Simple Mobile, T-Mobile, $50/mo, Y, Y, N, N, Y
Straight Talk SIM, AT&T, $45+tax/mo, Y, Y, Y, N, N
Virgin Mobile USA, Sprint, $55+tax/mo (1200 mins for $45+tax), N, Y, Y, N, Y (certain phones)

So, why use an MVNO with these caveats?

Honestly, because the more people use MVNOs, the better the terms the MVNOs will be able to negotiate with the carrier.  There is also something very liberating about knowing your phone and numbers are yours and only yours, and you can get a new provider or phone whenever you like!  Smash your phone?  Go get a new one and put in your old SIM (or do a swap from the website for Virgin Mobile).  Moving? Pick a new MVNO that works where you’re moving.

Another reason is this: honestly, do you LIKE the contract carrier you have today?  Have they ever done anything nice for you?  Every 2 years you get a $200 discount on some bloatware-laden phone, and this is worth sticking around for?

Where do I get a compatible phone?

If you pick Straight Talk or Simple Mobile, any unlocked phone will work.  As Mr Raphael points out, the Google Galaxy Nexus is a great phone, has a giant, beautiful screen, front and rear-facing cameras, Android 4.1 and no bloatware, works on AT&T and T-mobile networks including T-mo HSPA+ and costs $350.  While it’s a high price, the amount of money you save over an unlimited plan from a traditional carrier ($89/mo for T-mobile, $85 for 1GB of data on AT&T!) means that the phone will pay for itself in the first year or so.

For Virgin Mobile, as I said in that section I really cannot recommend the HTC One V enough.  Aside from a lack of front-facing camera (which generally I found take frustingly bad pictures even in high end phones) and no 4G, it really is an amazing device for the $150-$160 it costs to own outright.

About the Author

I am not affiliated with any cell phone carrier (though I am employed by Google and definitely love all things Android, this work is also unaffiliated with my employer).  I’m just someone who loves to try out new things, including cell phone companies, as frequently as I can :-).  The images used are not mine and I make no claim of ownership about them. The text of this article is license-able under Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike (CC BY-SA).


Well my upgrade for security-paranoia’s sake seems to have wiped out the previous site, which was rather spartan to begin with.  I’ll try and put something together which looks slightly more ugly but less basic.  You’re welcome America!